Syllabus of “Islamic Ontology” (Common Subject)

COURSE OUTLINE


College ICAS
Degree M.A.
Course Title Islamic Ontology (Common Subject)
Course Code
Status
Level Postgraduate
Credit Hours
Contact Hours
Pre-requisites

(if any)

Co-requisites

(if any)

Teaching Methodology
Method of Evaluation
Lecturer
Semester Offered
Course Objectives
Learning Outcomes
Course Synopsis (course description) Ontology is a science of being qua being. This subject gives sufficient discourses in relation to being or al-wujud as expounded in Islamic philosophy. Basically in Islamic Philosophy the discourses in ontology which are known as al-falsafah bi ma’na al-a’am (philosophy in its general sense) or al-umur al-‘ammah (general properties) are divided into various divisions. and all-these divisions are related to existence qua existence in its different aspects.

This subject is considered as a common subject in this particular curriculum

WEEKLY PLANNER, TOPICS AND READINGS

Week Topics Description of the Topics Recommended Readings
1 Introduction to ontology

2 The concept of existence; the distinction between concept (al-mafhum) and extension (al-misdaq) or haqiqat al-wujud (reality of being), the concept of existence is self-evident and univocal.

3 Al-wujud and al-mahiyat; the distinction between Essentia and Existentia

The Primacy of existence and quiddity
5 Unity and multiplicity

6 The gradation or ambiguityof existence
7 On the mental and concrete existences

8 The three modes of existence in relation to the matters of propositions – al-wujub, al-imkan and al-imtina’ (necessity, possibility and impossibility);

9 The principle of causation;

10 On the potential (bi l-quwwah) and the actual (bi l-fi’il); in relation to motion and the different kinds of motion including substantial motion.

11 On the eternal (al-qadim) and the contingent (al-hadith)

12 On the intellect (al-‘aql), the subject and the object of intellect (al-‘Aqil and al-ma’qul)

Note:

REFERENCES

–          Philosophical Instructions; Misbah Yazdi

–          Bidayat al-Hikmah, Allamah Tabatabaie (translation in English).

–          Ta’alimat al-Falsafah, Misbah Yazdi.

–          The Metaphysics of Sabzawari, Toshihiko Izutsu

–          The Concept and Reality of Existence, Toshihiko Izutsu

–          The Translation of the Manzumeh of Sabzawari, Izutsu and Mehdi Muhaqqiq

Bidayat al-Hikmah, Allamah Tabatabaie

–     Nihayat al-Hikmah, Allamah Tabatabaie

–     Philosophical Instructions, M. Taqi Misbah Yazdi

–     The concept of existence, Toshihiko Izutsu

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