by Prof.Dr. Mulyadhi Kartanegara
HISTORY OF ISLAMIC CIVILIZATION
|Method of Evaluation|
|Course Synopsis (course description)
|Introduction to Islamic Civilization is an academic subject dealing with Islamic Civilization, especially its scientific and educational aspect. It is extremely important for students to know and understand. This subject will discuss the major themes of Islamic scientific tradition, including the supporting factors for science development, education institutions, scientific activities, researches and methods.
Its goal is to make students understand and realized that Muslim scholars in the past had built and developed their own scientific tradition and produced extremely rich scientific works in different scientific disciplines.
WEEKLY PLANNER, TOPICS AND READINGS
|Week||Topics||Description of the Topics|
|1||Problem||Discusses the real problems faced by Indonesian people in education.|
|2||Supporting Factors of Science Development||Discusses 3 main factors that helped Muslims scholars to develop their science: (1) religious encouragement, (2) Societal appreciation for science and (3) the patronage of the rulers|
|3||Education Institutions I||Discusses the formal educational institution, that is madrasah, in which religious science were predominant.|
|4||Education Institutions II||Discusses the non-formal education institution, responsible for disseminating rational science—academy, observatory, library, hospital, zawiyyah.|
|5||Education System||Discusses important aspects of educational system—motivation of knowledge seeking, the roles of the teachers, methods of instruction.|
|6||Scientific Activities I||Discusses Muslim scholars’s scientific activities—search for manuscripts, translation, commentary works, original writings.|
|7||Scientific Activities II||Continues to discuss the scientific activities—rihlah & khalwat, discussion & seminars|
|8||Scientific Activities III||critique tradition, and experiments|
|9||Scientific Research I||Discusses scientific researches in religious sciences—Qur’anic sciences, hadith, fiqh & Usul al-fiqh, kalam, Tasawwuf.|
|10||Scientific Research II||Discusses scientific researches in rational sciences—physics, mathematics, metaphysics, ethics, economics, & politics|
|11||Scientific Methods I||Discusses scientific methods for physical and rational sciences—experimental and demonstrative methods|
|12||Scientific methods II||Discusses scientific methods for mysticism (tasawwuf) and scriptural studies—‘irfani and bayani methods|
- Kartanegara, Mulyadhi. Reaktualisasi Tradisi Ilmiah Islam, Jakarta: Baitul Ihsan, 2006.
- Huff, Toby E. The Rise of Early Modern Science: Islam, China and the West. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993.
- Ajram Rapid Koslah. The Miracle of Islamic Science. Cedar, Iowa: Knowledge House, 1992.
- Pedersen, J. Fajar Intelektual Islam: Buku dan Sejarah PenyebaranInformasi di Dunia Arab. Bandung: Mizan, 1996.
- Rosenthal, Franz. Etika Kesarjanaan Muslim: Dari al-Farabi hingga Ibn Khaldun. Bandung: Mizan, 1996.
- Nakosteen, Mehdi. Kontribusi Islam atas Dunia Intelektual Barat: Deskripsi Analisis Abad Keemasan Islam. Syrabaya: Risalah Gusti. 1996.
- Nasr, Seyed Hossein. Islamic Science: An Illustrated Study. London: World of Islam Festival Publishing Company Ltd. 1976.
- Fakhry, Majid. A History of Islamic Philosophy, Third Edition. New York: Columbia University Press, 2004.
- Tawhidi, Abu Hayyan, al-Imta’ wa al-Mu’anasah. Edited by Ahmad Amin & Ahman Zayn. Beirut. Tt.
- Kraemer, Joel L. Philosophy in the Renaissance in Islam: Abu Sulayman al-Sijistani and His Philoasophical Ciercle. Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1986.