COURSE OUTLINE: An Introduction to the Islamic Philosophy

COURSE OUTLINE: An Introduction to the Islamic Philosophy

By Dr. Haidar Bagir, MA

Degree M.A./ Ph.D.
Course Title An Introduction to the Islamic Philosophy
Course Code
Level Postgraduate
Credit Hours 3
Contact Hours 3


(if any)



(if any)

Teaching Methodology Lecture, Paper presentation by Students, Discussions facilitated by lecturer, elucidation by lecturer
Method of Evaluation Participation in class, paper writing, presentation, midterm test, take-home final exam
Lecturer Dr. Haidar Bagir
Semester Offered
Course Objectives General, yet intensive and balanced, understanding of Islamic Philosophy as one of the living disciplines in Islamic history  in terms of its origin, history, ideas, both its theoretical and practical aspects, that will enrich students’ knowledge of Islam and Islamic thought; the understanding of the relation of this particular discipline with other Islamic disciplines, including science, ethics, and politics
Learning Outcomes
  1. Understanding Islamic philosophy, its the principles and teachings, both in its theoretical (nazhary) as well as its practical (‘amaliy) aspects.
  2. Understanding the Islamic nature of Islamic philosophy and, at the same time, delineating it from deviations.

3. Understanding the importance of Islamic philosophy as the foundations of Islamic science and systems, be it politics, economics, art and literature, etc.

Course Synopsis (course description) Whether one agrees with its ideas and teachings or not, Islamic Philosophy has without doubt occupied a special and very important place in the history of Islam up to the present.  Not only that it has given birth to a particular way of understanding Islam, it has also given birth to various Islamic sciences, including Natural Science, ethics, politics, etc. However, it has never been free from controversies, criticisms and oppositions, especially in relation to the question of its loyalty to Islamic teachings. This course will introduce to the students the origin, history and main ideas developed within this discipline called Islamic Philosophy, its theoretical as well as practical aspect, complimented with an account of the controversies it has created, as well as criticisms and oppositions to it. This course will also deal with the debate about the Islamic (or, the non-Islamic) nature of this discipline.


Week Topics Recommended Readings
1 What is Philosophy; What is Islamic Philosophy; How Islamic is Islamic Philosophy Main References
2 The Sources and Origin of Islamic Philosophy Main References
3 The Justification of Islamic Philosophy Al-Kindi, Al-Manhaj al-Adillah


Ibn Rushd, Al-Ittisal fi ma bayn al-Hikmah wa al-Syari’ah min al-Ittisal

4 Overall History of Islamic Philosophy Main References
5 Cosmology of Islamic Philosophy Nasr, Seyyed Hossein, Islamic Cosmological Doctrines
6 Ontology of Islamic Philosophy Al-Attas, Syed Naquib, Prologremena to Any Future Metaphysics


Toshiko Izutsu,

7 Psychology of Islamic Philosophy Main References


Al-Attas, Syed Naquib, Prologremena to Any Future Metaphysics

Rahman, Fazlur, Prophecy in Islam

8 Epistemology of Islamic Philosophy Main References


Al-Attas, Syed Naquib, Prologremena to Any Future Metaphysics

Yazdi, Mehdi Ha’iri, ‘ ‘Ilm Huduri, Epistemology in Islamic Philosophy

9 Theological Philosophy Fakhr al-Din al-Razi,


Al-Tusi, Nasir al-Din,

10 Controversies, Criticism, and Oppositions to Islamic Philosophy and its Responses


Ethical Philosophy

Al-Ghazali, Muhammad, Tahafut al-Falasifah


Ibn Rusyd, Tahafut al-Tahafut

Nasir al-Din al-Thusi,

Fakir, Majad, Ethical Theories in Islam

Al-Tusi, Al-Akhlak al-Nasiri

Miskawayh, Tahdhib al-Akhlaq

Al-Razi, Fakir al-Din, ‘Ilm al-Akhlaq

11 Political Philosophy Al-Farabi, Ara’ ahl al-Madinah al-Fadilah
12 Islamic Philosophy Nowadays and its Future Selected articles and chapters (to be notified)
Proposed Start Date (Semester)
Batch of Students to be Affected


  1. ……………, Al-Qur’an wa al-Falsafah
  2. Mahmud, Abdul Halim,
  3. Fakhry, Majid, History of Islamic Philosophy
  4. Sharif, M.M., A History of Muslim Philosophy (2 vols)
  5. Nasr, Seyyed Hussein and Leaman, Oliver, A History of Islamic Philosophy
  6. Yazdi, Taqi Misbah, al-Manhaj al-Jadid (Philosophical Instructions)
  7. Mutahhari, Murtada, What is Philosophy

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